金沙4166娱乐第3节课 连词和状语从句

  匈牙利(Hungary)语写作个中平日会用到“……很主要”这一句式,一般考生会用something be
important/essential的词汇表达。但是学了比较状语从句现在,大家能够试着用一种更加尖端的表明形式,一定会让阅卷教授日前壹亮,作文高分就不在话下啦。

复习七种为主组织 -> 怎么样把轻巧句搞复杂

主系表

The yard looks fine for a while.

Vitamins are organic compunds.

->

Vitamins are organic compunds necessary for the normal growth of life.

->

Vitamins are organic compunds necessary for the normal growth and
maintenance of life of animals, including man.

->

Vitamins are organic compunds necessary in small  amounts in the diet
for the normal growth and maintenance of life of animals, including man.

necessary […..](形容词短语做前置定语修饰compunds)

主谓(不比物动词)[状语修饰]

The egg hatched.

An eagle’s egg was placed in the nest of a prairie chicken.

Itscratched in thedirt for seeds.

This trend began during the Second World War.

->

This trend began during the Second World War, when several goverments
came to this conclusion.

->

This trend began during the Second World War, when several goverments
came to this conclusion 金沙4166娱乐 ,that specific demands cannot generally be
foreseen in detail.(同位语从句)

->

This trend began during the Second World War, when several goverments
came to this conclusion that specific demands that a goverment want to
make of its scientific establishment
cannot generally be foreseen in
detail.

make demands of

澳门金沙真人娱乐 ,主谓(及物动词)宾

There are no quick fixes. This attitude leads to disappointment.

The emphasis given by both scholars and statesmen helped toobscure
the great importance.

->

The emphasis given by both scholars and statesmen to the presumed
disappearance of the American frontier
helped to obscure the great
importance.

->

The emphasis given by both scholars and statesmen to the presumed
disappearance of the American frontier helped to obscure the great
importance of changes in the conditionns and consequences of
international trade.

->

The emphasis given by both scholars and statesmen to the presumed
disappearance of the American frontier helped to obscure the great
importance of changes in the conditionns and consequences of
international trade that occurred during the second half of the
nineteenth century.

主谓 间宾 直宾

He showed the guard his passport = He showed his passport to the guard.

I am going to buy her a gift = I am going to buy a gift for her.

The repairmancharged me ten dollors.

Her work won her the Nobel Prize in 1983.

->

Her work in genetics won United States scientific Barbara McClintock the
Nobel Prize in 1983.

主谓 宾 宾补

The chairman declared the  meeting over

You can leave the door open

Willa Cather considered this novel her best work.

->

Willa Cather considered her novel of life in nineteenth-ventury
Nebraska, My Antonia her best work.

金沙4166娱乐 1

金沙4166娱乐 2

从句

连词和并列句

名词从句 + 状语从句


在学术类雅思全年四十六遍考试中,有21遍以上的小作文为有时光更动的、必要重点描述趋势的数额类图。而常见的趋势,不论是稳中有升、降低照旧波动和不改变,都大概在小说中冒出不止一遍。怎么着在历次表明变化的时候,增加更加多的句型变化,一向是麻烦考生的头等大事。

Date: 2018.1.18

  箴言仿写:Cultivation is to the mind what food is to the body.

连词总计

1.增补(Addition)

in addition, furthermore, again, also, besides, moreover, what‘s more,
similarly, next, finally

2.比较(Comparison)

in the same way, likewise, similarly, equally, in comparison, just as

3.对照(Contrast)

whereas, in contrast, on the other hand, instead, however, nevertheless,
unlike, even though, on the contrary, while

4.因果(Cause and effect)

because, because of, for, since, due to, owing to, thanks to, as a
result(of), accordingly, hence, so, thus

5.强调(Emphasis)

certainly, above all, indeed, of course, surely, actually, as a matter
of fact, chiefly, especially, primarily, in particular, undoubtedly,
absolutely, most imprtant

6.让步(Concession)

although, though, after all, in spite of, nevertheless, still, provided,
while it is true….

7.例证(Exemplification)

for example, for instance, that is, namely, such as, in other words, in
this case, by way of illustration.

8.总结(Conclusion)

to sum up, to conclude, in a word, in short, in brief, all in all, in
all, to put it in a nutshell, in summary

9.推断(Inference)

therefore, as a result(of), consequently, accordingly, so, otherwise

10.光阴和空中(Time and space)

afterward, after, first, later, then, soon, outside, near, beyound,
above, below, on the right(left), in the middle, opposite, in front of

11.启承转合

1)、启

A proverb says…… At present…….

As the proverb says…. Currently…..

Generally speaking, …. Now,….

In general, ….. On the Whole….

It is clear that…. Recently…..

It is often said that…. Without doubt, …….

2)、承

First(of all), …… Moreover, ………

Firstly, ………… No one can deny that….

In the first place, ……… Obviously…..

To begin with, ……… Of course, ………

Also, ……. Similarly,………

At the same time…… Therefore, we should realize that…..

Certainly…… There is no doubt that…….

In addition,….. What`s more, ……….

In fact…….. It can be easily proved that…

Meanwhile……

3)、转

But… Still, ……

But the problem is not so simple…

There is a certain amount of truth in this, but we still have a problem

with regard to…….

However,

……. To our surprise,……….

Nevertheless, …….. Unfortunately…….

On the other hand, …….

Yet difference will be found and that is why I feel that……..

Others may find this to be true, but I do not. I think…..

4)、合

Above all, In brief, ……..

Accordingly, ….. In conclusion, ……..

All in all, …….

In other words, it is hard to escape the conclusion that……..

As a consequence, ……… In short, ………

As I have shown/said/stated/…. In sum, ……..

In summary, ……. As has been noted, ….

Obviously, ……… By so doing, …..

On the whole, ….. Consequently, ……..

Presumably, ……. Eventually, ………

To conclude, …… Finally, ……..

To sum up, ….. In a word, ……

To summarize, ……

例:

行文部分分为综合写作和单身创作

  ——M·T·Cicero

交互 – 剖断下列连词并且翻译句子 ->思索如何赶快阅读 例如节省八分之四的句子阅读时间

We thought the figures were correct. However, we have now discovered
some errors.

However, he smothered, as best he was able, these feelings.

If, however, you are an extrovert you are quite likely to enjoy it.

It was, however, a little disappointing.

The book is too long but, nonetheless, informative and entertaining.

The problems are not serious. Nonetheless, we shall need to tackle them
soon.

Nonetheless, it contains an element of truth.

He was very tired, nevertheless he kept working.

There is little chance that we will succeed in changing the law.

Nevertheless, it is important that we try.

Nevertheless, they deserve notice and respect.

He was mortified by comparisons between his classmates’ good marks and
his own.

By comparison, expenditure on education increased last year.

By contrast, she was much more outspoken.

When you look at their new system, ours seems very old-fashioned by
contrast.

He is young and therefore easily pervertible.

All sincere opinions should therefore be respected.

He is highly strung, and therefore, subject to heart attacks.

Therefore energy is now not a peripheral but a central issue in the
economy.

We have a growing population and therefore we need more and more food.

It’s hand made and hence expensive.

The computer has become smaller and cheaper and hence more available to
a greater number of people.

Life was thus made richer.

We have failed. Thus we have to take the consequences.

We hope the new machine will work faster, thus reducing our costs.

We’re able to do in-depth research and thus spot future trends.

Old people often try to economize on heating, thus endangering their
health.

The universities have expanded, thus allowing many more people the
chance of higher education.

A rise in incomes will create increased purchasing power, thus
stimulating demand for goods and services.

We give money to charities, and thus salve our consciences.

In view of the recent developments, we do not think this step advisable.

Voluntary work was particularly important in view of the fact that women
were often forced to give up paid work on marriage.

Food is scarce and more often than not they go hungry.

More often than not, his dog will try to bite his guests.

On the one hand they’d love to have kids, but on the other, they don’t
want to give up their freedom.

The firm was accommodating its customers on the one hand and making
aggressive demands on the other.

What would you do, for instance, if you found a member of staff
stealing?

It is a very nice town; it’s got very nice shops for instance.

Taking advertising for instance.

Let’s take Napoleon, for instance.

Murder, petty theft and tax evasion, for instance, all have different
motives and consequences.

巴西的咖啡出口在上升

归咎写作:读 听 写 

  上述句子可以包罗为A is to B what C is to
D.替换ABCD多个名词就足以用来发挥“重要性”这一定义。

互动 – 利用上述的连词组成最基本的著述框架(不会的单词用中文标注)。

壹 学生是还是不是相应打王者荣耀

贰 灰霾是不是方便社会发展

叁 中国上学的小孩子是或不是相应出国留洋

仅从连词角度分析以下文章的组织

金沙4166娱乐 3

金沙4166娱乐 4

金沙4166娱乐 5

金沙4166娱乐 6

连词结构作文框架

金沙4166娱乐 7

金沙4166娱乐 8

(1990年:50 million kg;2000年:80 million kg)

单独创作:写:persuasive essay

  【例句】

托福综合写作

金沙4166娱乐 9


状语从句

状语从句

状语从句首要用来修饰主句或主句的谓语。1般可分为玖大类,分别代表时间、地方、原因、指标、结果、条件、妥协、比较和章程。就算种类较多,但由于状语从句与中文结构和用法相似,所以通晓和操纵它并轻易。状语从句的重点是要明白引导差别状语从句的常用连接词和异样的连接词即考试场点。

现分别列举如下:

1、时间状语从句

  常用指引词:when, as, while, as soon as, while, before, after, since
, till, until

  特殊引导词:the minute, the moment, the second, every time, the
day,the instant, immediately , directly, no sooner … than, hardly …when,
scarcely … when

  I didn’t realize how special my mother was until I became an adult.

  While John was watching TV, his wife was cooking.

  The children ran away from the orchard(果园) the moment they saw the
guard.

  No sooner had I arrived home than it began to rain.

  Every time I listen to your advice, I get into trouble.

贰、地点状语从句

  常用指引词:where

  特殊带领词:wherever, anywhere, everywhere

  Generally, air will be heavily polluted where there are factories.

  Wherever you go, you should work hard.

叁、原因状语从句

  常用教导词:because, since, as, for

  特殊带领词:seeing that, now that, in that, considering that, given
that, considering that, as much as, so much as

  My friends dislike me because I’m handsome and successful.

  Now that everybody has come, let’s begin our conference.

  The higher income tax is harmful in that it may discourage people
from trying to earn more.

  Considering that he is no more than 12 years old, his height of 1.80
m is quite remarkable.

四、目标状语从句

  常用指点词:so that, in order that

  特殊指点词:lest, in case, for fear that,in the hope that, for the
purpose that, to the end that

  The boss asked the secretary to hurry up with the letters so that he
could sign them.

  The teacher raised his voice on purpose that the students in the
back could hear more clearly.

5、结果状语从句

  常用指点词:so that, so… that, such … that,

  特殊指导词:such that, to the degree that, to the extent that, to
such a degree that,

  He got up so early that he caught the first bus.

  It’s such a good chance that we must not miss it.

  To such an degree was he excited that he couldn’t sleep last night.

陆、条件状语从句

  常用指导词:if, unless,

  特殊辅导词:as/so long as, only if, providing/provided that, suppose
that, in case that, on condition that

  We’ll start our project if the president agrees.

  You will certainly succeed so long as you keep on trying.

  Provided that there is no opposition, we shall hold the meeting
here.

七、退让状语从句

  常用引导词:though, although, even if, even though

  特殊指点词: as(用在低头状语从句中务要求倒装),while ( 壹般用在句首
),no matter …, in spite of

the fact that, while, whatever, whoever, wherever, whenever, however,
whichever

  Much as I respect him, I can’t agree to his proposal.

  尽管自身很敬重他, 作者却差别意他的提议。

  The old man always enjoys swimming even though the weather is rough.

  No matter how hard he tried, she could not change her mind.

  He won’t listen whatever you may say.

八、比较状语从句

  常用指导词:as(同级比较), than(不一样档次的可比)

  特殊引导词:the more … the more … ; just as …, so…; A is to B what
/as X is to Y; no … more than; not A so much as B

  She is as bad-tempered as her mother.

  The house is three times as big as ours.

  The more you exercise, the healthier you will be.

  Food is to men what oil is to machine. 食品之于人,犹如油之于机器。

九、格局状语从句

  常用带领词:as, as if, how

  特殊指引词:the way

  When in Rome, do as the Roman do.

  She behaved as if she were the boss.

  Sometimes we teach our children the way our parents have taught us.

课堂演习

托福长难句前50题分析连词和状语从句。

作业

用课堂教学的连词框架形成以下书面作文 (任选壹题)

一 学生是不是应当打王者荣耀

二 阴霾是不是有利于社会前行

三 中华夏族民共和国上学的小孩子是不是应当出国留洋

托福长难句后50题分析连词和状语从句。


1.简单句:主谓宾

打字测试网址:typingtest.com  理想速度:40 words / min

  ★ 人生态度——乐观与悲观

The amount of coffee exported by Brazil increased sharply from 50
million kg in 1990 to 80 million kg in 2000.

单身撰写、综合写作分数各占四分之二

  A positive attitude is to life what the sun is to the
earth.积极的神态对于生活,好比太阳对于地球同样。

2.简单句:there be

满分标准:syntactic variety, appropriate word choice, and idiomaticity 

  ★ 谈读书

There was a sharp increase in the amount of coffee exported by Brazil
from 50 million kg in 1990 to 80 million kg in 2000.

                  句式多种性、伏贴的选词、惯用用法

  Reading is to the mind what exercise is to the
body.阅读对于思想,好比移动对于人体一样。

三.简便句:显示趋势

相似语言分级:idiom, spoken, written, academic
托福写作语言一般在spoken与written之间

  ★ 赡养父母——家庭

The amount of coffee exported by Brazil showed an upward trend from 50
million kg in 1990 to 80 million kg in 2000.

句式

壹 基本句式

1.1 简单句

e.g. Ian, my TOEFL writing teacher, is extremely bright.

1.2 复合句 compound

金沙4166娱乐 10

复合句

Fan boys: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so

金沙4166娱乐 11

连接副词

金沙4166娱乐 12

紧接短语

注意:

(一)
当现身一而再副词和接通短语的时候,在它前面加分号,并且每每在其后边加逗号

e.g. Many corals grow very gradually; in fact, the creation of a coral
reef can take centuries.

(二) 假使出现并列连词,不用分号用逗号

e.g. Five of the applicants had worked with spreadsheets, but only one
was familiar with database management.

 1.3 复杂句  complex

从属连词指引的3大从句

(1) 名词性从句(包涵主语从句、宾语从句、表语从句、同位语从句)

(二) 形容词性从句(定语从句)

(三) 副词性从句(状语从句)

1.4 复合-复杂句 compound-complex

负有复杂句和复合句的特色

e.g. Tell me what your problem is, and I will tell you what solutions I
can offer.

二. 句子的组织

最简易的句子:轻巧句

简单句的概念:唯有一套主谓系统的语句,并且无法是从句。

总结句的整合:主干成分+修饰成分

金沙4166娱乐 13

句子的为主结构

有关谓语的两件事:

(1) 被动

未有物动词未有被动语态

及物动词

A lot of people see the movie. 能动者+行为+对象 (主动)

The movie was seen by a lot of people. 对象+行为+能动者(被动)

(2) 时态

金沙4166娱乐 14

时态

(壹) 主语、宾语和表语都以名词(或一定)。

(二)
一个句子中名词出现的地点,不用三个词,而用三个句子来顶替,就叫名词性从句。

(三) 取代的是什么成分,就是如何从句。

That:不占成分,未有意义

Whether:不占元素,有“是或不是”含义

Wh-:占成分,有含义

贰个轻易易行句只有2个谓语,怎么样复杂起来:增添修饰成分

修饰限定名词的——定语

修饰限定动词,形容词,副词,介词短语,句子的——状语

二个多么复杂的句子最重点的也只是那三种成份,丹麦语是一门十一分正确的语言。

定语从句中的关系代词在从句中做主语时,能够将其去掉。即分词作者定语。

e.g. There are a few boys (who are) swimming in the river. 

要是同样成分在定语从句中做的是主语,那么定语从句就能够简化为分词做主语。

剔除关系代词,谓语主动变doing,被动变done.

总结:

(数词+量词+所有格)+ N + (Adj短语)

      (Adj)                                 (Adv)

     (3个N)                           (介词短语)

   (1个分词)                         (定语从句)

                                            (分词doing / done)

                                                 (动词不定式)


Date: 2018.1.22

  Family is to the people what life is to the
individual.家庭对于人类,好比活着对于私有同样。

四.回顾句:目睹变化

状语

状语与定语的界别:修饰的东西不一致

金沙4166娱乐 15

广阔定语组合

金沙4166娱乐 16

定语与状语的差别点

一. 从句作状语

金沙4166娱乐 17

从句作状语

二. 尺码状语之虚拟语气

金沙4166娱乐 18

条件状语之虚拟语气

☆与实际相反;爆发大概小;

叁. 分词作者状语

A. 状语从句改分词做状语的条件

(一) 主语和从句的主语必须一致

(2) 连接词必须是那两种顺接关系之壹

金沙4166娱乐 19

多样顺接关系

※那各样关系在英文的逻辑上称为顺接关系

※尽管是顺接关系的话,连词就足以去掉,从句中同样的主语也得以去掉

※S+V, +V’,
V’不能以谓语形式出现,三个简短句只可以有三个谓语,改成非谓语方式(主动doing,被动done,那便是分词作者状语)

B. 步骤

(一) 去掉连接词

(2) 去掉从句中的主语

(三) 把从句中的动词,主动变doing,被动变done

  1. 介词短语作状语

e.g. Mr. Qiu is floating on his feet / back / stomach / hands and knees
in the river.

  ★ 投诉信

The decade between 1990 to 2000 witnessed an upward trend from 50
million kg to 80 million kg in the amount of coffee exported by Brazil.

壹、句式的各类性

  Cleanness is to the canteen what reputation is to the
people.清洁对于饭馆来讲,好比名誉对于人同1。

五.轻便句:发现变化

1 基本句式不基本:并列/从属

实现普通话英文思维调换的申明:粤语的多数动词之留三个最关键的作谓语,别的动词都处理成从属形式

英文中从属结构更加多

A. 并列的法子

  1. 复合句

  2. 平行结构

※not only… but also…, either… or…

※A, B and C

B. 从属的主意

  1. 把次重大新闻放到从句中

二.  把次主要音信化为分词短语

  1. 把次首要音信化为介词短语

  2. 把次重大音信成为同位语插入语

C. 注意事项:

  1. 注重在于判定八个动作哪个是至关心重视要的,哪个是不主要的。

  2. 最重视的动作做句子确实的谓语

  3. 动作同样十分重要时,处理成并列情势;动作不根本时,处理成从属格局。

再正是还要照顾好逻辑关系

小结:并列同等重要的新闻,从属不太重大的音讯

D. 写作中常犯错误:

总是割裂句、无效过度的并列、从属首要音信、过度从属

  ★ 谈诚信

A sharp increase from 50 million kg in 1990 to 80 million kg in 2000 was
recorded in the amount of coffee exported by Brazil.

二 长句短句要结合

金沙4166娱乐 20

推荐节奏

  Honesty is to the people what life is to the
creature.诚信对于人的话,好比生命对于人同样。

陆.大致句:前后比较

③ 句子伊始多变化

金沙4166娱乐 21

变动的诀要

发表评论

电子邮件地址不会被公开。 必填项已用*标注